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学位英语必备复习资料(2012年版)

2012-12-19 14:45来源:广州自考网  考试必看
 
2012年学位英语必备复习资料
 
1. Abide by遵守,承担 11. approve 赞成,批准 19. beat(in)战胜
2. account for解释,说明 可作及物动词 win 赢得
     为某事负责,共计达 approve of 赞成  
3. accuse sb. of指控某人做某事 12. argue劝说说服;争论争辩 20. be absorbed in 专心于
charge with指控 argue about 论争 immersed in 沉浸于
blame for指责 argue against/for 赞成/反对 indulged in 沉溺于
Sentence判决 argue into doing 说服某人做某事 interested in 感兴趣于
4. act行为,举动,动作 13. arise from 由…引起 21. be acquainted with 熟悉
act as充当 result from 由…引起 22. be ashamed of 为…羞愧
act on按…行事 derive from 起源于 23. be bound to 一定
act 14. ask be destined to 注定
act for 代理 ask about sb. 问候某人 be doomed to 注定
5. adapt…to 适应 ask for 请求见到 be determined to 决心要
  adjust to 调整 ask after sb. 问候某人 be apt to 易于
  be accustomed to 习惯于 15.associte…with 联想到一起 be inclined to 倾向于
  be used to 习惯于 connect 联结起来 24. be build up of 由…制成
6. add join 参与    be made up of 由…组成
  add to 增加 link 联结    consist of/in 构成/在于
  add up to 总计为 16. attach to 使附属于 25.be supposed to 本应该
7. adhere to 坚持 17. attend 到场,出席 26. bear in mind 牢记
8. allow attend on sb. 服侍 27. back up 支持
  allow for 把某事考虑进来 attend to 照顾,办理 28. believe in 相信
  allow of 允许(多用于否定) 18. attribute to 归因于 29. benefit from 获益于
9. appeal owe to 归因于 30.blow away 刮走
appeal to 呼吁,请求 ascribe to 归因于   blow down 吹倒
  appeal for 请求支援 contribute to 贡献于   blow off 吹掉
10. apply     blow out 吹灭
apply for 申请     blow up 爆炸
  apply…to 将用于     blow over 平息风暴,争吵
31. break away with 脱离,逃跑 35.call at停放,拜访某地
   break oneself of sth. 改掉本人的…    call for, call for Mary要求,需要
   break the news to 泄露消息给…    call forth引起
   break into tears 突然大哭    call in来访
   break into a quarrel 突然大吵    call off取消
   break into qieces 摔得粉碎    call on拜访
   break into sb’s house 闯入某人家    call up打电话
   break off/break out 断绝关系,结束/爆发 36. care about看重某事,介意
   break through 突破    care for喜欢,照顾,关心
   break up 打碎,散会,终止    care to do sth喜欢,要
32. bring about实现,使发生    37.carry away拿走
   bring it along with sb随身携带    carry forward推进,发扬
   bring down降价,使(政治团体)失败    carry on继续
   bring in生产出,带入,提出    carry through执行,贯彻指示
   bring forth使产生 38.cast light on阐明
   bring back带回来,使恢复    cast a glance at瞥一眼
   bring out说明,表现出,出版 39. catch at 抓住(一根绳子/机会)
   bring up抚养,提出,呕吐    catch hold of抓住
33.burn down烧毁    catch a glimpse of瞥见了
   burn up烧毁    catch sight of看到了
34. buy in大批买进某物    catch onto理解,明白
   buy out买下全部股份    catch one’s breath歇口气
   buy sth. for cash现金购买    catch up with追赶上
   buy sth. on credit赊购    come up with提出
     keep up with保持
     put up with容忍
40. change改变 48.cover up掩盖,掩饰
change one’s mind改变主意 49. cut across抄近路穿过,对直通过
change sth with sb与某人交换某物 cut back削减,急忙返回
change sht for sth. 用某物换某物 cut down削减,减少
change into用某物换某物 cut in插嘴,打断,超车
41. charge转变成了,换上衣服 cut off切断,阻断
charge sb for充电,指控 cut out割去,删去
He will charge himself with that 50. deal with对付,处理,论述
42.check in/out /up入住/离店/核对 51. devote to致力于
43. cheer up高兴起来 dedicate to献给
clear away清扫干净,天放晴 52. die down变弱,逐渐消失
44. clear打扫 die out消失,灭绝
clear away 清除掉 die of死于
clear up清扫干净 53. dispose of去掉,销毁,处理
clear out 清除出去,走开 54. do away with废除,去掉
45. come do without没有…也行,将就
come about清除出去,走开 have nothing to do with与…没有关系
come across偶然碰到 do good/harm to对有利/有害
come around /round醒转过来 do one’s best尽最大努力
come into effect/operation生效/开始运行 55.draw in(火车、汽车)进站
come off发生,举行,脱落    draw on临近,运用,利用
come on到来,快点儿,进步 draw up起草,制订,使停住
come out出现,显露,出版,发表,结果 56. drop by/in顺便访问
come through活下来,成功    drop off让…下车,睡着,下降
come to 苏醒,总计为    drop out退出,退学,离开
come up to 比得上,符合 57. be engaged in从事于
46. convince sb of 使某人确信    be engaged to和…订婚
47. count on/count up指望/总计 58. enjoy oneself玩得快乐
59. experiment on 做…实验 70. give away赠送,泄露
60. expose sth to 将某物暴露于    give back送还
61. face up to正视,面对    give in认输,放出,分发,用完
62. fail in在某方面失败    give off 散发出(气体)
   fail to do未能做某事    give out 发出,放出,分发,用完
63. fall落下,跌倒,下降,减弱    give rise to导致,引起
   fall back on求助于,转而依靠    give up放弃
   fall behind落后 give way to让路给,让位于,被替代
   fall in with与…一致,符合,支持 71. go after追求,设法得到
   fall through失败,落空    go ahead开始,进行
   fall out with与…反目    go along with赞同,支持
64. feel for摸索,寻找    go around/round流传,足够分配
   feel like意欲,想要    go by 时间过去,遵守
65. figure out算出,推测出    go down 下降,减少,被接受
   work out算出,制订出,解出    go for 支拿,袭击,目的在于
   make out分辨出    go in for喜欢,致力于,从事
66. full in out 填写表格    go into 详述,调查,研究,从事
67.find out 查明,发现    go off 不再喜欢,爆炸,成功进行
68. gain access to 获得    go out 熄灭,停止运转,过时
69. get/put across 解释清楚    go over 仔细查看,检查
   get along(with) 与…相处    to through 检查,经历,遭遇
   get at 到达,知道,领会,意思指    go up 上升,被炸毁
   get away 走开,离开,逃脱    go without 不享受,没有也无妨
   get by 通过,过得去,过活    go wrong 出毛病
   get down 从…下来,写下 72. hand
   get down to sth. 开始,着手做    hand down 伟下来,伟给
   get in 进入,参加,收获,收回,插嘴    hand in 上交
   get by heart 记住,背诵    hand out 分发
   get off 下车,动身离开      hand over 移交,交付给
   get out of 逃避,改掉 73. hang about/around 闲荡,逗留
   get over 克服掉    hang on 等待片刻,抓紧不放
   get rid of 摆脱    hang up 挂起来,挂断电话
   get the best of 从中得到最大益处 74. head for 向…走去,驶向
   get the better of 占据上风,胜过 75. help oneself to 自取所需
   get through 通过,完成,接通电话,花光钱 76. hold back 阻止前进,忍住,抑制
   get to 到达,触及    hold on 所至住不放,等一会儿
     hold onto 紧紧抓住
     hold out 伸出,坚持要求,不屈
     hold up 举起,耽搁
77. impose on 强人所难,欺骗 84. lie in 在于
78. keep an eye on 留意照看 85. line up 使排成行,排队
   keep back 隐瞒,保留,阻止 86. live
   keep down 限制,控制,降低    live on (靠某人 某事)生活
   keep off 使不接近,避开    live through 度过,经受过
   keep on 继续,反复地做    live up to 遵守,不辜负期望
   keep to 遵守,信守,坚持 87. look after 照料,管理,关心
   stick to 坚持    look at 看
   adhere to 坚持    look back 回顾,回头看
79. knock down 打倒,击倒    look down upon 看不起
   knock out 打昏,击昏    look for 寻找
80. lay 置放,铺,设置,布置    look forward to 期待着
   lay aside 放在一边,储蓄    look in 顺道访问
   set aside 储蓄    look into 调查,观察
   put aside 储蓄    look on 参观
   lay down 放下,规定,制订    look out 注意,留神
   lay out 安排,布置,设计    look over 把…看一遍,温习,查看
   lay off 下岗,辞退    look through 游览,通读
81. leave    look up to 尊敬,敬仰
   leave alone 听其自然,别管 88. lose heart 失去信心
   leave behind 忘了带,留下 lose one’s head 不知所措
   leave for 动身前往 lose one’s temper 发脾气
   leave off 停止,中断 lose one’s way 迷路
   leave out sth. 漏掉 lose the track of 失去对…的联系
82. lend itself to 有助于,适合于 89. major in 主修
83. let 90. make for 走向,导致,促成
   let alone 别碰,别打扰,更不要说    make sense 讲得通,有意义
   let down 让…失望    make up(for ) 补偿,弥补
   let in 容许进入,漏水,反衣服弄窄    make way for 开路,让路
   let loose 放松,释放    make from 由…制成
   let off拜谢,放过,宽恕 91. mix up 混合,搞混
   let out 放走,释放,发出,泄露 92. object to 反对,不赞成
94. pass away 逝世 93. occur to sb. 使某人想起
   pass out 失去知觉 102. remind sb of sth. 使某人想起
95. pay back 偿还,回报,报复 103. resort to 诉诸于
   pay off 还清,得到好结果,取得成功 104. result in 导致后果
   pay up 全部还清     result from 由于会么而造成
96. pick out 挑选,选择,采摘 105. ring off 挂断电话
   pick up 拣起,中途搭人,学会     ring up 打电话给某人
97. play a joke on 和某人开玩笑 106. run away with(感情等)战胜,不受约束
   play a part in 扮演角色,发挥作用     run down 贬低,减少,精疲力竭
   play with a toy 玩弄,摆弄     run into 偶然碰见
98. pull down 拆毁,拉倒,拉下,降低     run out of 用完,耗尽
   pull in (车船)进站     run over 碾过,很快看一遍
   pull off 脱衣等,实现     run through 贯穿,济览,花光
   pull on 穿 戴 107. scale down 按比例缩小
   pull out 拔出,(车船)驶出     scale up 按比例放大
   pull up 使停下 108. see about 办理,安排
99. put across 解释清楚     see off 给送行
   put away 放好,收好,储蓄     see through 看破,识破
   put down 记下,写下,镇压     see to it that 务必做到…
   put forward 提出计划 要求等 109. send for 派人去请,召唤
   put in 花费,付出时间,正式提出     send in 递送,提交
   put off 推迟     send off 邮寄,发送
    put on 穿上,增加体重 110. serve as  作为,用作
    put out 熄灭,公布,发布,生产出     serve sb right 活该,罪有应得
    put up 建造,搭起,提供膳宿,张贴  
100. refer to 提及,参考  
101. regardless of 不顾,不管  
111. set 118. step in 齐步,合拍
    set about 开始着手做某事     step up 加速
    set aside 留出,储蓄 119. stick to 坚持
    set back 推迟,阻碍     stick out 突出,坚持到底
    set down 记下,写下,放下 120. subject to 使遭受,使服从
    set apart 使分离,使 分开,拔出 121. take after (外貌)相像
    set fire to  放为烧     take apart 拆卸,拆开
    set forth 陈述,阐明     take away 减去
    set off 出发,启程,激起     take down 拆卸,写下,记下
    set out to do sth. 打算做某事     take for 把…误认为
    set up 建立,创立,架起     take/do in 欺骗
112. show in 领进     take off 起飞,匆匆离开,脱下
    show off 卖弄     take on 承担,呈现,开始雇佣
    show/turn up 出席     take over 接收,接管
113. shrink from 退缩     take to 喜欢,开始从事
114. sit up 熬夜     take up 开始从事,着手处理,占去
115. slow sown 减速 122.tell sth. from 区别开
116. speek up 加速 123. think better of 改变主意,重新考虑
117. stand by 做好准备,袖手旁观,支持     think of 想到,想起
    stand for 代表     think over 仔细考虑
    stand our 引人注目,清晰地显示 124. throw away 拥掉,浪费金钱
    stand up to 经得起     throw up呕吐
    stand up for 支持,维护 125. try on 试穿
      try out试用,试验
126. turn down 拒绝,关小,调低 129. watch out for密切注意
    turn in 上交,上床睡觉 130. wind up结束,停止
    turn off 拐弯,关上,厌恶 131.wipe out彻底摧毁,消灭
    turn on 打开,开动,攻击 132. work at/on从事于
turn out 结果是,生产,驱逐  
turn over 仔细考虑,交付  
turn to 转向,求助于 133. write off 取消,注销,勾消
turn up出面,出席 134.yield to屈服,服从,让步
127. wait for等候  
wait on服侍  
形容词  
1. able to do能够做 11.busy with忙于 21.confident of /in有信心
2. about to do打算做 12. capable of doing有能力做 22. dependent on靠于
3.absent from缺席 13. certain of有把握 23. different from不同
4. abundant in充足 14. characteristic of 特征是 24. doubtful about /of怀疑
5. angry with/at /for生气 15. competent in胜任的 25. eager for/to do急于做
6. anxious for/about焦虑 16.consistant with一致的 26. enthusiastic about /for对…有热
7. applicable to适用的 17. conscious of /that意识到 27. equal to 等同于
8. apt to do易于 18.contrary to与相反 28. equivalent to相当于
9. aware of意识到 19.convenient to便于 29. essential to重要的
10. bored with厌倦 20. critical of 对…挑剔 30. excited about /at为某事而激动
补充:amazed at惊叹于     ashamed of  
31.faithful to忠实于 41. harmful to对…有害 51. negligent of对…马虎的
32.familiar to /with熟悉 42. helpful to of对…有帮助 52. opposite to与…相对立的
33.famous for因   著名 43. hostile to对…的敌意的 53. proud of为…骄傲的
34. fit for/to适用于 44. ignorant of不了解 54. patient with对…耐心的
35. fond of喜爱 45. innocent of无…罪的 55. preferable to比…更可取
36. free from免于 46. jealous of妒忌的 56. previous to在…之前
37. friendly to对…友好 47. keen on热衷于 57. prior to在…之前,优先于
38. guilty of有…罪 48. lacking in缺乏 58. proper to特有的,专为…的
39. good at /in善于 49. likely to do可能做 59. proportional to与…成比例的
   Good for对…有益   60. ready for为…做好准备的
   Good to对…友好    
40. happy about为…而高兴  50. loyal to信守的
61.regardless of不顾 71. similar to与…相似
62. relative to与…有关,相对于 72. sorry about/for为…感到遗憾的
63. representative of抵制的 73. strict with对…严格要求的
64. resistance to对…负责的 74. suitable for/to对…合适的
65. responsible for/to响应的 75. subordinate to从属于…,下级的
66. responsive to对…满意的 76. superior to优越于…
67. satisfied with与…分开的 77. thirsty for对…渴望的
68. separate from对…敏感的 78. typical of有…典型性的
69. sensitive to对…厌倦的 79. worthy of值得的
70. sick of 80. popular with受到欢迎的
名词性词组    
1. by accident偶然的 11. in association with与…相联系 21. in charge of负责
2. in accordance with与…一致 12. on the average平均数 22. around the clock昼夜不停地
3. on account of因为 13. on the basis of在…基础上 23. in common共同的;共有的
4. in addition(to)除了 14. on behalf of代表 24. by comparison with与…相比较
5. in advance提前 15. on board在船、飞机上 25. in conclusion最后,总之
6. take advantage of利用条下下 16. (run)out of breath跑得喘不过气来 26. in conclusion如果,在…
7. in agreement with与…一致 17. on business因公 27. in connection with/to关于
8. answer to对…的回答的缘故 18. in case(of)万一 28. in consequence of由于,因为…
9. an appetite for对…的爱好 19. in any case无论如何 29. on the contrary相反
10. on arrival一到达同,形成对 20. by chance偶然,碰巧 30. in contrast with/to与…截然不
31. out of control失去控制 38.in the distance在远处 51. in favor of支持,有利于
32. in the course of在…过程中 39. at sb’s disposal受到某人的摆布 52. on fire在燃烧
33. at the cost of以…为代价 40. off duty下班 53. in force有效,在实施中
34. out of date过时 41. on earth究竟 54. in the future未来
   out of danger脱离危险 42. in effect事实上,实际上 55. on the grounds of以…为理由
   out of fashion过时,不再时兴 43. in the end最终,终于 56. on guards警惕,防范
   out of work失去工作 44. at all events无论如何 57. hand in hand手拉手
   out of order失去控制 45. in the event of万一 58. at hand在附近,即将到来
   out of practice荒疏 46. in essence本质上 59. at heart内心里
   out of question毫不疑问 47. with the exception除了情况 60.in honor of 为了,以…的名义
35. in debt负债 48.in excess过度,超过 61. in a hurry匆忙的
36.under discus sion处于讨论之中 49. to an extent到达…程度 62. at intervals间歇性地
37. in detail详细地 50. face to face面对面地 63. at length详细的
64. in the light of 依据,根据 71.at the mercy of在…的支配下 81.on purpose故意地
65.at a loss不知所措地 72. the moment一…就 82.at random随机地,无目地性的
66. as a matter of fact事实上 73. in nature本质上 83.beyond question毫无疑问,确定无疑
67.by means of通过…手段 74. on occasions不时地 84. at any rate无论如何
68. by no means绝不 75. in person亲自地 85. at the rate of以…的速度
69.in memory of为了纪念 76. in place of代替,取代,交换 86. by reason of由于
70.by mistake错误地 77. at present目前 87. as regards关于,至于
  78.for the present目前,暂时 88.with regards to关于
  79. in public公开地 89. in relation to有关,关于
  80.for the purpose o f为了 90.as a result of作为…的结果
91.in return for 100.at first sight乍一看 110.on the top of在…之上
92.as a rule 101.in sight可看到的 111.in truth实际上
93. for the sake of 102.out of sight看不到的 112.by turns轮流地
94. on sale 103. in terms of根据 113.in turn反过来
95. on a large scale 104.on second thoughts又一想,转念一想 114.by virtue of由于
96. in the long run 105.at a time/at one time一次/一次,曾经 115. by the way顺便提一下
97. on schedule 106.for the time being暂时 116. in the way妨碍
98.in secret 107.from time to time常常地 117. in a way在某种程度上
99. in sequence 108.in time及时地 118.word for word逐字逐句地
100.in shape 109.on time准时地 119.at work在工作,忙于
语法部分重要单词
1 虚拟语气宾语从句 order, demand, require, request, direct, command, urge, rule, suggest,
    advise, vote, propose move, recommend, prefer, decide, insist, desire, decree
主语从句vital, important, essential, imperative, obligatory, necessary, unnecessary,
impossible, sad, strange, natural, advisable, fitting, proper, appropriate, desirable
 
2不定式
1)通常只接动词不定式作宾语的常考动词:
agree, attempt, claim, decide demand, ask, hesitate, beg ,fail, care, consent, promise, desire,
  hope, intend, learn, offer, plan, refuse, prepare, pretend, strive, require, appear, arrange,
expect,manage, tend, afford, wish, want, seem ,struggle, swear, threaten, wait, undertake,
venture, seek ,resolve, aim, determine, endeavor, apply, claim, pledge, pretend, profess,
refuse, volunteer, vow, happen ,guarantee, neglect, proceed, prove, condescend,
  consent, trouble, bother(negative), care(negative), choose, fail etc
2)用于动词+宾语+不定式结构的常考动词:
force, hire, tell, require, teach, warn ,allow, ask, inform, beg, convince, expect, invite, order,
  permit, promise, instruct, prepare, urge, remind, want, advise, persuade, dare, forbid, like,
challenge, request, get, need ,oblige, encourage, enable, compel, recommend, declare,
  prove, command, encourage, enable, lead, press, etc
3)用于be+形容词+不定式结构的常考形容词
anxious, boring, dangerous, pleased, hard, eager, easy, fortunate, strange, good, ready,
usual, prepared, surprised, common, useless, asked, lucky, difficult, likely satisfied,
careful, sure, glad, bored, certain, etc
4)用于名词+不定式结构的常考名词:
failure, offer, plan, ability, decision, desire, chance, permission, occasion, fun, honor, capacity,
 wish, pleasure, opportunity, demand, way ,refusal, responsibility, freedom, promise, etc.
5)后面跟省去“to”的不定式作宾补的常考动词:
see watch, notice, observe, hear, listen to, feel ,get, make, have, let ,help, bid, know,
 look at ,smell ,etc.
动名词
1)通常只接动名词作宾语的动词:
admit, appreciate, avoid, delay, deny, enjoy, finish, miss, postpone, put off, practice, quit,
resent, suggest, keep, complete, anticipate, discuss, mention, tolerate, understand, favor,
escape, forgive, consider, prohibit, mind, dislike, can’t help, risk, involve, imagine, fancy,
defer, acknowledge, deny, look forward to, evade, favor, detest, dread, risk, advocate,
can’t resist, can’t stand, consider, contemplate, ensure, excuse ,pardon, facilitate, give up,
 include, keep on, report, suggest ,involve ,etc.
2)常跟动名词作宾语的动词短语:
(dis)approve of ,insist on, think about, persist in spend in ,engage in ,depend on ,keep on ,
rely on ,worry about, succeed in, count on ,give up, calculate on ,lead to ,contribute to ,
devote to ,object to ,look forward to ,dedicate to ,confess to concentrate on focus on ,etc.
3)用于“名词+介词+动名词”结构的名词:pleasure in , chance of ,opportunity of ,
advise on ,choice of ,method for, excuse for ,intention of ,probability of ,concern about,
difficulty in ,trouble in ,shortage of ,harm in ,point in, comment on ,report in ,
importance of necessity of ,approach to ,etc.
4)用于“be+形容词+介词+动名词”结构的形容词accustomed to , afraid of ,fond of,
successful in ,capable of ,tired of ,interested in ,intent on ,keep on ,used to ,quick at ,
good at ,particular about, bent on ,engaged in ,involved in ,addicted to ,devoted to ,etc.
5)动词后可跟原形动词和动名词discover ,feel ,find ,force ,get, imagine etc +do/doing
6)v. + sb. into doing cheat ,trick, deceive, fool, trap ,shame ,mislead, surprise ,talk, blackmail etc.
7) v. + sb. from doing prevent ,stop ,keep ,hinder(阻碍), restrain(抑制),save.
倒装句neither=nor=no more, little, seldom, hardly, scarcely, rarely, never, not ,no,
    in no case, in no way, under(in)no……circumstances, not only……but also,
 not until……, hardly (scarcely) ……when, no sooner……than……
主谓一致as much as , as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, in addition to ,with,
along with, together with, except ,all of ,some of ,none of , half of ,most of ,lots of, plenty of.
                 
 
                                     
第一部分   语法结构
第一单元  名词部分强化练习及答案:      
1. Apple is a    D    word.
A. five-letter         B. five-letters      C. fives-letters     D. five letters            (D)
2. All the   A    in the hospital got a rise(上升) yesterday.
    A. women doctors    B. woman doctors   C. women doctor   D. woman doctor      (A)
3. After ten years, all those youngsters became   D   .
    A. growns-up        B. growns-up       C. grown-up      D. grown-ups           (D)
4. The police investigated(调查) the       about the bank robbery.(抢劫)
    A. stander-by        B. standers-by(旁观者)    C. stander-bys    D. standers-by    (B)
5. She used to have three   C    .
A. boys friends        B. boys friend       C. boy friends    D. boy friend           (C)
15为复合名词的复数。
“-”连字符的,在其名词部分后加S ,如 five-letters ,standers-by ,lookers-on ; 无名词部分的在复合词后如S ,如 grown-ups ,sit-ins ;
manwoman作为第一部分的复合名词表职位时,均用复数,如men doctors ,women writers ;
boygirl 作为第一部分的复合名词,要在最后词后加-S,如boy friends ,  girl friends ;
6. The committee委员会   B   been arguing about the economic problems among themselves for many hours.  
    A. have             B. has              C. could have    D. can have                  (A)
32.集体名词被看作若干个体时,具有复数概念;被看作一个整体时,具有单数概念。这类词有:family ,government ,class , surrounding环境 , committee ,club , company ;
7. Seventy percent   A   illiterate in that area.
    A. is      B. are        C. is to be       D. can have                 (B)
8. His trousers   C    in his suitcase.
A. is always kept    B. are kept always  C. are always kept   D. have always been      (C)
具有成双含义的词,如服装类、工具类的词:trousers. glasses . scissors(剪刀),系动词用复数。
9. The young couple bought  A    for their living room.
    A. some new furniture          B. some new furnitures
C. many new furniture          D. many new furnitures                              (A)
Furniture 家具,不可数名词。Many 修饰可数,much 修饰不可数,some ,any 都可修饰,但any用在疑问和否定句中.  a few 修饰可数,肯定含义;a little 修饰不可数,否定义。
10. Mathematics   A  easy to learn.
A. is               B. are                C. can             D. feels                  (A)
学科类的词,如maths , economics ,  politics , electronics ,mechanics(力学)等,含有复数概念。
11.The surroundings of his office building---C--- far from clean.
A. are              B. is                 C. has been         D. do                   (A)
      见第6题。
12. The doctor checked up both Wang’s  B   hearts.
    A. father-in-law’s and his brother-in-law’s        B. father’s-in-law and his brother’s-in-law
C. father-in-law and his brother-in-law           D. father-in-laws’ and his brother-in-laws’      (A)
见第5题。                                       
13. I had my hair cut at the   C    around the corner.
A. barber           B. barbers             C. barber’s          D. barbers’              (C)
`s后的名词如指商店、家宅时,名词可省略,如上:在理发店;at the doctor’s :在诊所;
14. The woman over there is   B     .
    A. Julia and Mary mother                B. Julia and Mary’s mother
C. Julia’s and Mary’s mother              D. Julia’s and Mary mother                      (B)
 表示各自的所有关系时,名词末尾均须加 `s , A`s and B`s bedrooms ; 表示他们共同的关系时,仅在最后一词尾加`s , 如上;
15. Only last month I called at  A    .
A. my uncle         B. my uncle’s         C. my uncles        D. mine uncle             (B)
见第13题;
16. The students must finish the test in        .
    A. three quarters of an hour time         B. three quarter’s of an hour time
C. three quarters of an hour’s time        D. three quarters’ of an hour’s time                  (C)
of`s 的复合结构,又如:a friend of my brother`s 我兄弟的一个朋友。
17. His article is better than      in the class.
    A. anyone’s else      B. anyone else     C. anyone’s else’s     D. anyone else’s             (D)
18. He is very tired. He needs         .
A. a night rest        B. rest of a night    C. a rest night       D. a night’s rest              (D)
s属格和of属格用法的区别:’s 表有生命的,也表时间(如上)、自然现象(如第19题)、度量衡、国家、城市;用of 表示无生命的,抽象的,或修饰语较多的;
19.       is covered with heavy snow.
    A. The earth’s surface             B. The surface of earth
    C. The surface earth              D. The earth surface                                   (A)
20. This question is too difficult, and everyone is       to solve it.
    A. at his wits’ end                B. at one’s wits end
C. in his wits’ end                D. out of his wits end                                  (A)
固定词组,必须用 ’s 如第20题:不知所措,又如:in  one’s  mind’s  eye 在某人的心目中
第二单元     形容词和副词练习及答案
1. He keeps all his documents in a         box.
    A. strong, black, metal金属制品            B. metal, strong, black
C. strong, metal, black            D. black, strong, metal                            (A)
前置形容词的排序:限定词+描绘词+特征词+颜色词+类属词(材质或专有词)
2. The balloon is      .
A. belled-shape       B. bell-shape       C. bell shaped      D. belled-shaped        (C)
名词+ed :形容词化。又如:3 legged table 三条腿的桌子
3. Besides being expensive, the food in the cafeteria tastes      .
A badly             B. too badly        C. too much bad    D. bad                 (D)
感官动词如feel、 smell soundtaste +形容词:听起来。。。
主语+半系动词+表语结构,这类词还有:keep , rest , remain , stay , lie , stand ; seem , appear , look ; become , grow , turn , fall , get , go , come , run ; prove , turn out 等;
4. The film made us laugh but it was not really       to watch.
A. excitement        B. excited          C. excitable        D. exciting             (D)
由分词作形容词时,现在分词表示主动或正进行中,如interesting , exciting ,flying leaves(飘舞的叶子)。过去分词表被动或已完成,如tired , flown leaves(遍地落叶)
5. His speech soon made us feel           .
A. bore              B. bored           C. boring          D. bore some           (B)
bored  a. 感到厌倦的;
6. I don’t know whether he is still       in collecting coins. He used to be, but that was several years ago.
A. interested         B. interesting        C. interest         D. disinterested          (A)
+be interested in (to do) 对。。。感兴趣; It is interesting that or to do…做。。。是有趣的;
7. Would you be        do me a favour , please?
A. kind enough       B. kind as to         C. as kind to       D. so kind as to           (D)
so…as to = so…that   be kind of…     do sb. a favour
8. He will not be ……. to vote in this year’s election.
A. old enough        B. as old enough      C. enough old     D. enough old as          (A)
be…(a.) enough to do…  足够来做…     enough要放在形容词后
9. It’s never      .
    A. late enough to learn                 B. not late enough to learn                   
C. too late to learn                    D. no late as not learn                           (C)
too…(a.) to do…句型
10. It’s         you back.
    A. delightful to see                    B. too delightful to see
C. delightful of                       D. so delightful that have                        (A)
It is…(a.) that…  形式主语
11. The noise outside was        .             so…(a.) that…句型
    A. too irritating     
    B. so irritating so his speech was hardly audible
    C. so irritating that his speech was hardly audible
    D. so irritating enough that his speech was hardly audible                                 (C)
12. Is shopping here very expensive? Yes, the price run       fifty dollars.
A. so high to         B. as high to         C. so high as        D. as high as            (D)
as…as… 象。。。一样   同级比较
13. Are you going to the football game? No, the tickets are       for.        
    A. terrible expensive                    B. so much expensive
C. far too expensive                     D. highly expensive                          (C)
too 太过于
14. I should say Henry is not        much a writer as a reporter.
A. that              B. so               C. this             D. that                 (B)
be not so…as…  与其说。。。还不如说。。。
15. I won’t pay $20 for the coat; it’s not worth          .
A. all that much     B. that much all     C. that all much     D. much all that            (A)
all要放在前面。Be worth…值。。。 be worth doing 值得做。。。be worthy of…值得。。。的
16. He had      on the subject.
    A. a rather strong opinion             B. rather strong opinion
B. rather the strong opinion            D. the rather strong opinion                       (A)
rather+贬义形容词;fairly+褒义形容词;名词前排序:冠词+描绘词+特征词
17. He knows little of mathematics, and        of chemistry.
A. even more       B. still less         C. no less          D. still more                (B)
still less 更少  little的比较级 less,最高级least
18. A fter having gone        far, Tom did not want to turn back.
A. enough          B. much           C. such           D. that                     (D)
enough不能置前    that =so 那么
19. That heart is       intelligent that the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain.
A. not so           B. not much        C. much more      D. no more                 (D)
no more 不再。。。    no more…than…  与其说。。。毋宁说。。。
20. Do you enjoy listening to records? I find records are often       of better than an actual performance.
A. as good as        B. as good         C. good           D. good as                  (A)
as good as 同级比较;    be better than不同级比较
 
第三单元   介词的搭配练习及答案
1. This watch is not worthy      the gold belt.
A. in               B. at             C. of              D. with                      (C)

be worthy of…        belt 表带

2. Mother will be much pleased           your new discovery in astronomical science.
A. of               B. in             C. with            D. on                       (C)

be pleased with…

3. John must have been dissatisfied      his achievement in computer science for he working further in the field.
A. for              B. about           C. on             D. with                      (D)
be satisfied with…     be dissatised with….     对。。。感到满意(不满意)
4. I am accustomed        late on weekends for I have the habit of working at night.
A. to sit up          B. to sitting up      C. at sitting up     D. for sitting up               (B)
be accustomed to doing…=be used to doing… 习惯于。。。
5. Tompson was once summoned to the court of law and accused…….being involved in a murder case.
A. with             B. on              C. of             D. about                     (C)

on account of…  due to…  because of…  由于  因为

6. Smoking is not good        you because it can affect your health.
A. for              B. at               C. to             D. on                       (A)
be good at…擅长       be good for… 对。。。有好处
7. Mary’s younger brother, though 6 years old, is very quick       doing calculations.
A. of               B. on              C. in             D. by                       (C)
be quick in(at) doing…  敏于做。。。
8. The teacher will ask you to account      your absence from his class yesterday.
A. for              B. at               C. n             D. of                        (A)
account for 解释(原因)
9. The flyover at the crossing on the 4th Ring Road is now        construction.
A. under            B. at               C. in            D. with                      (A)
under  在。。。之中  在。。。情况下
10. People’s complaints        the bad food were soon taken      consideration by the government.
A. of…into          B. for…on          C. of…for        D. with…against              (A)
complain  v.  complaint  n.   
complain to sb. about(of)…  就。。。向。。。投诉    take into consideration 把。。。考虑在内
11. I have no objection     his staying in the library as long as he keeps quiet.
A. of               B. to               C. in             D. over                     B
have no objection to 赞成      have an objection to 不赞成
12. Morris’s fluency in English has given her some advantage      other pupils in the class.
A. above            B. over             C. than           D. beyond                   (B)
have the advantage over 胜过; take advantage of 利用
13. They have been trying at practical solution     the marital problem.
A. in              B. to                C. on            D. for                       B
 the solution to the problem 解决问题的方式
14. The manager assured the customer that his complaint would be soon seen       .
A. at              B. to                C. on            D. by                        B
be see to  注意;修理;处理
15. How close parents are to their children can produce some strong influence       
their children.
A. in              B. at                C. on            D. for                       C
influence on + n. 对。。。的影响;
influence …to do…;  influence…in doing… 影响。。。
16. Washington D.C was named      the first President of the U.S.A., George Washington.
A. from            B. after              C. by            D. with                     B
name sb….after…   以。。。命名某人为。。。
17. Everyone is busy       the examination in the classroom.
A with            B. for                C. on           D. under                      A
be busy with + n.     be busy doing…
18. Mary took her boyfriend      the hand and then they walked away arm in arm.
A.on       B.at         C.by             D.for                              C
by the hand 手挽手   arm in arm 肩并肩
19. Will all those ……. the proposal raise your hands?
A. in relation to      B. in favor of       C. in contrast to    D. in excess of (超过)        A
in favor of 支持;赞同    in relation to 关于   in contrast to 与。。。截然不同 
20. Before 1920s, American women were deprived     the right to vote to a large extent.
A. of               B. to               C. form           D. with                     A
deprive of the right to vote  剥夺选举权
21. China would supply $300,000,000        some African countries as support for they were suffering from some famines(饥荒)。
A. to               B. with              C. by            D. on                      A
supply A to B = supply B with A
22. NO one is trying to persuade you      doing thee job But things must be dealt.      Reasonably.
A. into…with        B. to…from           C. out…by       D. by…in                 (A
persuade sb. into doing…=persuade sb. to do…  说服某人做。。。
persuade sb. out of doing…  劝说某人不要做。。。
persuade sb. of …   使某人相信。。。
23. It took Susan 2 years to get adapted       the college lire.
A. from             B. about              C. at            D. to                      D
adapt…to…使适应;  adapt…for… 把。。。改编为。。。  adapt…from…根据。。。改编成。。。
24. No one is indeed enthusiastic          that dull task.
A. with             B. about               C. at            D. to                     (B
be enthusiastic about(or for)。。。 热心于。。。
25. The imported goods are inferior      the domestic products in quality.
A. than             B. with                C. to            D. against                 (C
be inferior to… 低于;比不上;   be superior to 优于。。。
26. Enough attention must be paid        all the details so that you can have a detailed understanding of all the points.
A. on               B. to                 C. of            D. by                     B
pay attention to…        句子为被动时态
27. Everyone around the site felt deep sympathy        the poor sick baby.
A. for               B. from               C.. in           D. on                     A
feel deep sympathy for 对。。。深表同情; in sympathy with 同情;赞成;
28. I have been feeling regret        all the years misspent without any research achievement.
A. of               B. to                  C. from          D. for                    D
regret to do… 遗憾地做(将要做)。。。   regret doing… 后悔做了。。。
be(feel) regret for…  对。。。懊悔不已
29. All people agreed that John should be responsible       all the wrong doings.
A. to               B. in                   C. for           D. of                    (C
be responsible to sb. 对某人负有责任; be responsiblie for sth. 对某事负有责任;
30. The manner in which Joe was talking reminded me      her grandmother.
A. with             B. about                C. for           D. of                    (D
remind sb. of…  使某人想起。。。
31. Stanley seemed superior       all other people in appearance, but was actually looked down upon by every one else.
A. to               B. on                   C. at            D. of                    A
见第25题;
32. Cowboys wore wide-brimmed hats to protect themselves       the sun.
A. from             B. towards               C. with         D. by                   A
protect…from(against)…  保护。。。免遭。。。
33. His ambition and courage are based          his knowledge of the truth.
A. of             B. to               C. on            D. of                         C
 base…on… 把。。。建立在。。。上;  on the basis of… 根据
34. Mary was too particular         food. Maybe that’s why she was so slim.
A. with           B. from             C. at            D. on                          (D
be too particular over…  对。。。太挑剔
35. Scott was very appreciative      the help from his teacher.
A. of             B. in               C. at            D. on                          (C
be very appreciative at…  对。。。深表感谢
36.         comparison with my boyhood, my undergraduate years in Oklahoma were paradise.
A. In             B. With             C. To           D. From                        A
in comparison with…  和。。。相比较
37. Five year ago, John Smith was once involved        a traffic accident.
A. at             B. by               C. in            D. on                          (C
involve in…  卷入;热衷于;
38. This multiple choice test is composed       40 incomplete sentences, each with 4 alternatives for the takers to make.
A. with           B. under             C. by           D. of                         (D
be composed of =consist of…  由。。。组成
39. In that raincoat, Scarlet felt safe           any thunderstorm.
A. with           B. under             C. from         D. about                      C
be safe from…免受。。。伤害;  be safe for… 对。。。是安全的;
40. The ground was black       ants, great energetic ants that were busy running back and forth.
A. for            B. in                C. ay            D. with                       D
with表状态、原因;
41. Carol was employed as an interpreter because he was proficient        three languages, Chinese, English and French.
A. at             B. in                C. on            D. by                         B
be proficient in…   精通于。。。         interpreter 口译
42. Mrs. March could not prevent her little boy         shooting         the birds in the trees.
A. from…to       B. on…at            C. with…up        D. from…at                  D
prevent…from doing…        shoot at… 向。。。开枪射击
43. Asked what he liked to eat, sam said he preferred beef steak        pork pies.
A. than           B. against            C. to              D. into                      C
prefer…(n.) to…(n.)   prefer doing…to doing…  喜欢。。。胜过。。。
prefer sb. to do…宁愿让某人做。。。
44. The size of his head is not proportional          that or his body.
A. on             B. to                C. for             D. into                     B
be proportional to…= in proportion to  与。。。成比例
45. The current economic reform in China is characteristic        its socialism.
A. of             B. in                C. by             D. at                       A
be characteristic of 表现了。。。的特色;
 
其它含介词的短语还有:by means of…  in spite of…  in honour of…   according to…
owning to…   in addition to…   rely on…    be dependent on…     comment on…  
concentrate…on…    be keen on…    take charge of…    be made up…   be capable of…
be typical of…   interfere with…   be familiar with…    be consistent with…
result from… 由于;  result to… 导致; lie in ; run for…   lead to ;  refer to ; relate to ;
devote to ;adjust to ; break away from…   prohibit from…   consider as…   be known as…
divide…into…    aim at …   die of…   object to…   persist in…   equal to…   be famous for
full of…  guilty of 犯(罪); love for…  desire for…  
第四单 动词练习、答案
1. The city was plagued by traffic congestion last year,            .
    A. but it isn’t this year      B. but not this year         
C. but it hasn’t this year     D. but it hadn’t this year                            (A
并列句型,前后一致       plague 混乱; traffic congestion交通阻塞;
2. The commuter can            facts.
    A. gather and to store       B. gather and stored    
C. gather and storing        D. gather and store                                (D
时态要一致
3. The crewman switched on portable flashlights as the engineer        the scene.
A.has surveyed B. surve;C. was surveying;D. is surveying                          C
进行时态表将来;
4. We        a solution to this problem by the end of this month.
A. must            B. will         C. must find           D. can                (C
must的基本用法
5. The old woman neither     anything when the policemen asked her about the accident.
A. replied nor say   B. replied nor said    C. reply nor said   D. replies nor says        B
前后时态要一致;
6. The boy         at school.
    A. was never behaved        B. was never behaved himself
C. never behaved            D. never behaved himself.                            (D
behave 规矩,常与自身代词连用; 主动语态
7. Most pubs in the street        until 1:00 in the morning.
    A. not close                B. close not
C. do not close              D. not closed                                       (C
do not +非延续性动词…until…
8. They        had an enormous dinner like this.
    A. rarely not have                B. rarely have not
C. have not rarely                D. have rarely                                  D
rarely , scarcely , hardly ,never 等已含有否定义;
9. Many high-rise hotels           .
    A. has now been constructing          B. are now being constructed
C. are now constructing               D. are constructed now                       B
现在进行时态+被动语态
10. The girl smiled ,got up,            from the schoolmaster.
    A. receive the god medal            B. and receiving the gold medal
C. and receive the gold medal        D. and received the gold medal                   (D
连续动作  时态要一致
11. He fancied that he would get on well.
    A. and that he would meet with amazing success
    B. and that he will meet with amazing success
    C. and that amazing success would be met with
D. and meets with amazing success                                                A
并列宾语从句,时态要一致
12. I can do it for her but I            .
    A. don’t feel like it         B. don’t feel like to
C. don’t feel liking it       D. don’t feel liked to                                    A
feel like 想要;不带to的不定式还有 cannot but do , cannot help but do , rather than do , other than do , let do , make do 等;
13. The burglar took away more than         .
    A. he wanted to take         B. he wanted to taken
C. he wanted to             D. he wanted to have taken                              C
take away 消耗;带走; want to 想要;
14. He      after climbing the mountain.
    A. has scarcely no energy left         B. had scarcely any energy left
C. scarcely has no energy left         D. scarcely has not any energy left                  B
见第8题;
15. She apologized to her for          the party.
    A. not  being able to attend        B. not being able to attend
C.  being able not to attend        D.  being notable to attend                         B
动名词作介宾;  apologize to sb.for sth. 因某事向某人道歉
16. Entering the lecture hall,        from their clothing.
    A. snow beat off                   B. they beat off snow
C. snow was beaten off by them      D. they were beaten off snow                     B
现在分词作状语从句;主动态;
17.          a long way, Robbins began to feel tired.
    A. Having walked                   B. Walking
C. Having been walked              D. Being walk                                A
先后动作,前一个动作用完成式;
18. Weighing five hundred pounds,          .
    A. the cupboard could not be moved     
    B. she could not move the cupboard
    C. the cupboard was too heavy for one person to move                           
D. the cupboard was unable to move                                                C
cupboard 橱柜;
19. Asked about the new play,            .
    A. his answer was confident      B. he was confidently answered
C. he answered confidently     D. his answers were confident                          C
过去分词作状语从句;被动态;
20.       ,the inhabitants fled.
    A. The city take         B. The city having been taken
C. Having taken the city    D. The city being taken                                   B
现在分词的完成式,被动态;
21.       black clouds covering the sky ,he stopped his work and went home.
    A. To see        B. Having been seeing
C. Seeing        D. having to see                                                  C
现在分词作状语从句,主动态;
22. I advised         ,but he turned me a deaf ear.
    A. him not to smoke again        B. him to smoke not again
C. him to not smoke again        D. not him to smoke again                             A
不定式的否定式词序:not to do
23.        ,he works very late at night.
    A. Having been choosing director        B. Choosing director
C. Having chosen director             D. Being chosen director                          D
现在分词作状语从句,被动态;
24. She prefers       taking an examination.
    A. writing a term paper than           B. being written for a term paper
C. to write that a term paper           D. writing a term paper to                         D
prefer doing…to doing…
25. The clerk is going to take bus        money.
A. by saving     B. to save    C. for to save      D. saving                            B
不定式作目的状语;
26. The brakes need          .
A. adjusting     B. adjusted    C. to adjustment    D. to adjust                         A
need sb. to do…需要某人做。。。  need doing…需要被做。。   need sth.done 需要请人做; 
27. Henry and Bady       to the parties at the Trade Union every Saturday.
A. are used to go   B. use to go   C. would stay     D. shall stay                        C
be used to do…被用于做。。 be used to doing… 习惯于;used to do…过去常常(现在不了);
28. Her government insisted she          until she finished her degree.
A. stayed     B. stay      C. would stay      D. shall stay                            B
虚拟语气在宾语从句中,是should +动词原形或只用动词原形;这类谓语动词有:insist , suggest ,
order , demand , command , propose , arrange , request , require , desire , recommend 等;
29. Excuse me ,but it is necessary that your temperature           .
A. be taken         B. taking         C. to take         D. was taken                  A
虚拟语气在主语从句中,是should + 动词原形、should + have done .或只用动词原形;这类词有:
It is(was) necessary (important , desirable , imperative , advisable , desired , suggested , proposed ,
settled , requested , decided) that….
30.Hix Chemistry teacher recommends that he         A regular degree program.
A. will begin       B. begins          C. begin          D. is beginning               C
见第28题;
31.The landlady asked him to move because she         in that chair.
A. used to sit     B. was used to sitting    C. used to sitting    D was used to sit             B
见第27题;
32.His friends are looking forward         his as soon as possible.
A. of seeing        B. for seeing         C. to see           D. to seeing                D
动词+介词+动名词结构,这类词有:look forward to doing    pay attention to doing
give up doing   apologize for doing   succeed in doing   dream of doing   object to doing
insist on doing   worry about doing   provent(stop)…from doing   excuse sb for doing 
devote…to doing    accuse sb of doing   aid sb in doing   agree on doing  think about doing ;
33.It is imperative that you          there in person.
A. be             B. will be           C. will           D. are                       A
见第29题;
34.Robin’s doctor suggested        for a few days.
A. that he is resting      B. his resting       C. him to rest       D. that he rest            D
见第28题;
35.Frankly, I’d rather you          anything about it for the time being.
A. do             B. didn’t do          C. don’t       D. didn’t                      C
would rather (had rather)….than….  填充名词、代词或不带to的不定式;
36.His report proved          .
A. truly           B. true               C. truth       D. truism                      B
( to be ) true   省略不定式to be
37.Does he have difficulty        English?
A. to speak        B. speak            C. speaking      D. spoke                     C
名词+介词+动名词结构,这类词有:difficulty in doing   advice on doing   delay in doing
experience in doing    insist in doing    habit of doing    possibility of doing    apology for doing
success in doing sth. 等;
38.They would insist       to another hotel.
A. to move       B. moving            C. on moving     D. moved                  C
 
39.We request the committee        our suggestion again.
A. to consider     B. considering        C. consider        D. considered              A
有些动词后只能跟不定式,这类词有:request , afford , agree ,  aim , ask . desire , expect ,
 claim , choose , decide , demand , fail , hope , manage , offer , plan , pretend , promise , refuse ,
request , resolve , wish 等;
40.He stopped Mira       to his office.
A. from having come      B. to cone      C. for coming       D. from coming          D
见第32题;
41.In winter we go        the hill.
A. skiing      B. to ski           C. ski         D. for ski                          A
属名词化的动名词,这类词有:skiing , swimming , living , acting , singing , walking , running ,
working , laughing , crying 等;
42.She        playing volley-ball very much.
A. has        B. wants        C. lets          D. enjoys                           D
有些动词后只能跟动名词,这类词有:enjoy , admit ,  avoid , consider , dislike , delay , finish ,
imagine , include , keep , mind , miss , practise , recall , repent , resent , resist , risk , stop , suggest ;
43.They are busy             .
A. to do this     B. doing this         C. to this      D. did this                       B
形容词+介词+动名词结构,这类词有:busy (in) doing    according to doing 
aware of doing   apologentic for doing    capable of doing   confident of doing 
angry about doing    exact in doing   afraid of doing   fond of doing    guilty of doing
hopeful of doing   intent on doing  tired of doing  responsible for doing   suitable for doing
wrong in doing   right in doing 等;
44.She had a hard time        mathematics.
A. to study       B. studies        C. studing        D. study                       C
have ….doing…. 主动态;   have…..done  被动态;
45.He is now accustomed to       early.
A. works        B. working         C. work        D. worked                      B
Bbe accustomed to doing  习惯于;
46. The man tries to avoid        his manager.
A. to meet       B. meet        C. to be meeting      D. meeting                     D
见第42题;
47.The engineer demanded that Smith           with him.
A. go       B. must to       C. went         D. will go                             A
见第28题;
48.The plants have stopped             .
A. to grow        B. to be growing         C. for growing      D. growing             D
见第42题;
部分连接动词的区别:
○ try doing  意为尝试,重在做 try to do 意谓企图,重在想办法;
○regret doing  指对过去的行为懊悔; regret to do 指对现在的事情抱歉;
○cannot help doing 禁不住; cannot help to do 不能帮忙;
○propose doing 建议做;  propose to do 打算做;
○stop smoking 戒烟; stop to smok 停下来吹烟;
○go on doing  继续做同一件事;go on to do 接着做另一件事;
○remember doing  表已完成的;  remember to do  表未完成的动作;
○forget doing  忘记已做了的事;forget to do 忘记要做的事;
○agree on doing 商量做某事; agree to do 同意做某事;
○be good at eating  会吃 it is good to eat 很好吃
○be afraid of dying  恐怕要死了(客观); be afraid to die 害怕得要死(主观);
○like doing  (长期的) 爱好;  like to do (一时的)兴趣;
○living 钟爱的;lovely 可爱的; likely 可能的;
 
第五单元  代词练习、答案
1.All my classmates are going to the Summer Palace except          .
A. he and I       B. he and me       C. him and I        D. him and me        D
介宾用宾格;
2.We can do the experiment better than           .
A. him and her       B. he and she      C. him and she     D. he and her        B
比较句中作主语;
3.Last Sunday,          had a picnic in Pengyuan Park..
    A. Ling, Zhengpin and me            B. Ling, I and Zhengqin
C. I, Ling and Zhengqin              D. Ling, Zhengpin and I                   D
排序时“I”在其后;
4.         never wanted to be looked down upon.
A. We woman      B. Us women     C. Ours women     D. We women          D
同位语;
5.The government and the people sill think a lot about        .
A. we intellectuals    B. us intellectuals    C. we intellectual    D. us intellectual    B
介宾中的双宾语;
6.In some restaurants, food and service are worse than       used to be.
A. they       B. it        C. them         D. that                            A
It的复数主格为they ,宾格为them ;
7.Each teacher and office-worker got the bonus         entitled to at the end of the year.
A. they were    B. you were     C. he was      D. she was                      C
信号词 each 对应he
8.If you should meet Wang or Li, tell        about the meeting.                        
A. them      B. him       C. he          D. they                             B
信号词 or 对应 him
9.Let the porter take all the baggage ort and put         in the lobby.
A. it        B. they        C. her         D. its                              A
Baggage 不可数名词     lobby 大堂
10.Not all the students will have      good marks through exams.
A. their      B. his        C. her         D. theirs                            A
信号词 not all(部分)对应 their
11.Either the postman or the driver must have eaten         lunch here.
A. his       B. its         C. their        D. theirs                            A
either….or….  两者中的任一个
12.Everybody in the class must hand in          test paper within the given time.
A. their        B. out      C. his      D. her                                  A
everyboby 所有人(复数) everyone 每个人(单数)
13.That is the film star         we all know.
A. whom      B. who         C. whoever        D. which                      A
宾格
14.Wang is the man         we borrow books.
A. from who      B. from whom     C. whom       D. who                      B
介宾宾格
15.Send the note to        is in that house.
    A. whomever      B. whatever      C. whichever     D. whoever                  D
16.      did you say would repair the refrigerator?
A. whom       B. who       C. what        D. whose                           B
refrigerator 冰箱
17.The ball-pen           he writes is a Ningpo751.
    A. with it      B. with what       C. with whichever    D. with which               D
18.That is the woman       office was broken into last night.
A. to whom      B whose       C. of whom        D. on whom                   B
作定语
19.      was looking forward to working overtime.
    A. None office workers           B. None of the office workers
C. None of the office worker       D. None of office worker                         B
none of… 当中任何一个都不
20.All the farmers turned up for the meeting except         you introduced.
A. one       B. the one        C. he          D. yours                          B
有修饰词语时,须加冠词;
21.One common family name is Wang;         is Li
A. another       B. the other      C. others       D. none other                    B
One… ,the other… . 两个中的一个----,另一个----    
22.I have two dictionaries: one of the two is a Chinese-English dictionary, and        is an  English-Chinese one.
    A. another        B. the other       C. other       D. none other                   B
23.Some girls have one pig-tail;            girls have two.
A. another         B. the other       C. other       D. one other                   C
one….another…  同一组中的两个个体
    some…other….  一些…..另一些……
others 其它的 ,不特指   the others 特指的那些
both….and….   either….or….     neither….nor….     雨打沙滩点点坑
两个重要的情态动词结构:                     别嫌烦,考的就是知识点!
1.   must have done 对过去所做的肯定性推断;
2.   should have done 本来应该做却没做;
第一部分(下半部分)
第六单元  定语从句练习 
(注:对号“√”表示其后选项为正确答案)
1. The reason     I can’t come is that I have to prepare for the coming exam.
   A. for        B. as          C. because       √ D. why
   The reason why….  有时why可用that代替
2. She studied hard at school when she was young,        contributes to her
   success in her career.
   A. that         B. so that          C. so        √ D. which
   Contributes to ….贡献(捐献)
3. An investigation was made into the accident,      fifty people were killed.
   A. where       B. when       √C. in which    D. for that
4. I’ve got a bottle of beer ,but I haven’t got anything        I can open it with.
   √A. that           B. what        C. where      D. which
    that指物,作宾语;
5. All members       are admitted to the auditorium.
   A. have got tickets                B. that had got the tickets
   √C. that have got the tickets          D. who have got the tickets
6. sound waves travel in the air in much the same way       water waves
spread on the water.
   √A. as      B. that       C. where      D. in which
   the same ….as….
7. Writers can accurately describe objects        have never seen.
   A. who       B. if they        √ C. they      D. that
8. It wasn’t such a good present       he had promised me.
   A. that        √ B. as       C. which        D. what
   Such +n.+ …as….
9. Perhaps the day will come       people will be able to breath e clean
 air in cities.
   √A. when       B. while     C. as      D. since
   先行词为the day ;
10. To make up an objective test, the teacher writes a series of questions,
        has only on correct answer.
   √A. each of which     B. come of which     C. which     D. what
    信号词为has ;
11. All       is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.
   A. what is needed     √ B. that is needed    
   C. for our needs     D. thing needed
12. Evidence came up       specific speech sounds are recognized by babies
 as young as six months old.
   A. which          B. what          √ C. that        D. when
   Evidence 证据; specific 明显的;
13. The goals    he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him.
   A. for that    √ B. for which    C. for what     D. of them
14. Those were the soldiers      to save the town.
   √A. whose responsibility was    B. in whom there was a responsibility
   C. whose was the responsibility    D. from whom the responsibility
15. The person       you were talking to was an American.
   A. who         √ B. whom           C. which        D. as
16. Einstein was one of the greatest men      ever lived.
   A. who        √ B. that           C. whom        D. he
     泛指人时常用that ;
17.Most of the electronic devise of this kind,       manufactured or this
 purposes, are tightly packed.
   A. which is      √ B. as are      C. what are    D. they are
18. Scientists call Newton’s idea        gravitation reaches throughout
the universe the law of universal gravitation.
   A. when       B. which       √ C. that        D. where
19. English words are not always spelt           .
   √A. the way they sound             B. the way they to sound
   C. the way they are sounding        D. as they are sounding
20. Snowdonia is a seashore city         you can enjoy yourselves much
 by visiting the local scenic spots.
   A. why            B. which       √ C. where        D. so
先行词表地点;
 
21. The time is not far away        modem communications will become
 widespread in China’s vast countryside.
   √A. when            B. before        C. until        D. as
   先行词表时间;
22. A higher crime rate exists in cities   a large percentage of unemployment.
   A. where have   √ B. that have   C. which they have   D. that having
23. The inflation made it hard for us to buy the necessities          .
   A. which need us       √ B. that we need         C. what we need  
     D. as we need
第七单元 状语主语宾语表语从句及同位语从句练习
1.       you didn’t know the rules won’t be a sufficient excuse for your
 delaying submitting the report.
   A. It is       √ B. That      C. Because        D. What
   同谓语;
2. It was       a hundred people looked lost in it.
   A. too large room so          B. so a large room where
   √C. so large a room that        D. such a large room which
    It is …that…. 强调句;  so +a.+…that…
3. Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication      the
 advertiser pays for the message to be delivered.
   A. where    B. in order that      √C.in that    D. in the way
4. You can fly to London this afternoon        you don’t mind changing
 plane for Paris.
   √A. provided        B. unless      C. except        D. so far as
    provide 只要;作条件状语从句。
5.           he had discovered his error, Jamaica made the necessary
corrections in the data.
   A. As though    √ B. As soon as      C. As if     D. As far as
6.           the students were discussing the car accident, Benne put in that
the road was icy.
   A. Since       B. Where     √ C. While       D. As soon as
  Put in 驶入;
7. They repeated the test several times         they succeeded in getting
 a correct result.
   A. when       B. since      √C. until       D. for
 
8. We must begin testing the instrument no matter         difficult it is.
   A. what      B. when      √C. how       D. however
   No matter how difficult = however it is difficult
9.          I left school I had taught that subject for ten years.
   A. Whenever     √B. By the time     C. The moment      D. Since
10.           people say, I believe he is as innocent as a baby unborn.
   A. Whoever     B. However      √C. Whatever      D. Whenever
11. The more we looked at the abstract painting,          .
  √ A. the less we liked it     B. better we liked it
   C. we liked it less        D. it looked better
   The more …. , the less…
12. I decided to stop and have lunch,        I was feeling quite hungry.
   √A. for      B. moreover       C. consequently        D. whereas
    原因状语从句;
13. It was in 1665       the concept of the Earth’s gravity interested
Isaac Newton.
   √A. that      B. who          C. which        D. when
    强调句;
14. Hardly had Glucia finished his speech        the audience stared
 applauding.
   A. that      B. as          C. since        √D. when
   Hardly ….when(before)…. 刚一….  
15. Snowdonia will never seem to succeed,       hard she tries because
no one is supporting her.
   √A. however   B. whenver    C. whomever   D. whom
16. I don’t think that Bob will come here again today, please give the book
 to        comes first.
  √ A. whoever      B. who     C. whomever    D. whom
17.          the punishment was unjust, Henry accepted it without complaint.
   A. So long as    B. Since    √C. Even though    D. While
   Complaint 抱怨;让步状语从句;
18. The situation today is obviously different from       it was about
 30 years ago.
   √A. what        B. when        C. which        D. such
19. We all got up early that morning       we might start before dawn.
   A. so as to     B. in order to   √ C. in order that   D. so
20. You can not see the doctor         you have made an appointment with him.
   A. if        B. except      √ C. unless        D. when
   Make an appointment with…  …..有约
21. Whether that is a good solution depends on           .
   √A. how you look at it        B. you look at it
   C. that you look at it         D. what you look at it
22. How close parents are to their children         a strong influence on
 the character of the children.
   A. have      B. to have      √ C. has        D. having
主语从句谓语动词用单数;
23. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill        we all sat down to rest.
   √A. that     B. then      C. when       D. until
24. You will grow wiser        you grow older.
   A. when     B. after     √ C. as       D. since
第八单元 动词的时态练习
    (参看各时态的基本概念)
1. By this summer ,Elizabeth         here for ten years.
   A. will work    B. works  √C. will have worked  D. has worked
2. After Jackson      for half an hour, he came to the conclusion that Mrs.
 Bennet was not coming.
   A. waited    B. was waiting     C. has waited  √D. had been waiting
   Come to the conclusion 得出结论;
3. I hope you       the instructions ready before I come tomorrow.
   A. waited    B. was waiting     C. has waited    √D. had been waiting
4. “Has john finished writing his composition?” “No, and it          
two hours ago.”
   A. should be finished      B. should have finished    
   C. should finished         √D. should have been finished
5. I’m meeting Even tonight. I        a Russian before.
   A. didn’t ever meet      √B. have never met   
   C. have ever met        D. never met
6. All the apparatus        before the experiment began.
   A. have been tested      √B. had been tested   
   C. were tested          D. had tested
7. We’ll leave as soon as it          raining.
   A. is stopping      √B. stops      C. will stop       D. shall stop
8. We’ve already sent out he invitation cards, but we don’t know how
 many people          .
   A. come          √B. are coming     C. came      D. have come
9. No sooner        than the accident happened.
   A. he had gone   √B. had he gone   C. his going    D. he went
10. I had hoped Mr. Smith         me an early reply.
   A. gave     B. to give     C. giving   √D. would give
11. Until yesterday, Miller’s family            from him for six months.
   A. hasn’t heard     B. hasn’t been hearing 
  √C. hadn’t heard     D. didn’t bear
12. Tailor looks sleepy. He must       to bed very late last night.
   A. had gone     √B. have gone     C. be going    D. go
13. I         yesterday, but I was suspended by an unexpected visit.
   A. came         B. did come       √C. was to come      D. come
14. I don’t know what Jeanie       at this time tomorrow.
   A. does    B. is doing    √C. will be doing   D. will do
15. Hardly        when the bus suddenly pulled away.
   A. they had got to the bus stop        √B. had they got to the bus stop
   C. did they get to the bus stop         D. they got to the bus stop
16. Mother doesn’t know how much time I have spent in watching TV; if she
ever found out, I’m sure        .
   √A. she’d never forgive me          B. she never forgive me
   C. she’ll never forgive me          D. she does never forgive me
17. The teacher told the students that the Earth       round the Sun.
   √A. moves    B. moved    C. has moved   D. has been moving
18. While the secretary      his desk, he found the long lost report.
   A. had been cleaning    B. is cleaning 
 C. has been cleaning    √D. was cleaning
19. As soon as he        his error, Rockfeller made the necessary corrections
 to his data collected.
   A. discovered   B. has discovered  
C. has promoted    √D. was cleaning
20. Fred believed that his friend        by his employer a month or so ago.
  √A. discovered   B. has discovered   C. has promoted    D. was cleaning
21. I think I’ll wait until the mail         .
   A. should come     B. is coming     √C. comes       D. will come
22. We could have bought a new are last year, but we really          it.
   A. can’t afford    √B. couldn’t afford  
  C. won’t afford    D. unable to afford
23. If you don’t pay your taxes ,they          .
   A. have you arrested (逮捕)            √B. will have you arrested    
   C. must have you arrested         D. have you arrest
24. I        meeting you ever since we parted.
   A. was looking forward to     √B. have been looking forward to     
   C. had been looking forward to       D. looked forward to
25. They told me that by the end of the month they         in this flat for
 12 years.
   A. has lived                       B. will have lived    
   C. has been living             √D. would have been living
第九单元 主调一致和附加句的练习
1. Either John’t family or his relative         the special banquet.
   A. attends    B. attend     C. are attending     √D. has attended
    单复数依就近原则;
2. All that         is not gold.
   A. glitter    √B. glitters     C. glittering     D. glittered
   强调个体时用单数;强调群体时用复数,如3;
3. All but Sam and me         going to the exhibition this evening.
   √A. are      B. is        C. am      D. be
4. Although the first part of the book appears easy, the rest      rather difficult.
   √A. is     B. was         C. are      D. be
5. My old pants have been thrown away, and I have bought          .
25.some new one  B. some new pair  √C. a new pair  D. a new one
注: a pair of pants   some pairs of pants
6. They accumulated     information before designing the new type machine.
   A. a great many    √B. vast amount of     C. a number of   D. many a
7. The Smiths are so happy today because they have bought         .
   A. many furnitures             B. so much furnitures     
   √C. many pieces of furniture      D. many a furniture
    furniture 家具;不可数名词
8. Each man and woman           to turn to the bishop for help.
   √A. is        B. are     C. be      D. were
   Each….is…..
9. What we are learning          the standard English language.
   √A. is        B. are     C. has      D. were
  短语、从句、句子用作主语时,要求用单数动词;
10. Many a girl       dancing at the center of the hall.
   A. are       √ B. is      C. be     D. am
   Many a …. 用单数;
11. You ought to have asked Louis about that,         .
   A. haven’t you     B. hadn’t you    √C. oughtn’t you   D. didn’t you
12. The number of students in this college        this year.
   A. are increased   B. have been increased
 √C. has been increased  D. is increased
  强调的是其数目,用单数;
13. Nobody but Smith and John         in the laboratory yesterday.
   A. are       B. were      √C. was      D. had
   Nobody 强调个体时用单数;强调数量时用复数,如第35题;
14. Neither Bill nor his parents        at home today.
   A. is       √B. are      C. stayed      D. has
   Neither …nor….    Either….or……
   Not only….but also ….     Not….but….
   其谓语动词单复数依就近原则确定;
15. Dr. smith together with his wife and two sons      to arrive this evening.
   A. are       B. are going     C. will be      √ D. is
   依主语结构中的中心词原则;
16. A new television series         that they can and should think about
 career development.
   A. teach handicapped children        B. taught handicapped children    
   √C. teaches handicapped children   D. teaching handicapped children
    series单复数相同;信号词为A new ….
17. I , who        one of your sincere friends, will try my best to help you out
 of this trouble.
   A. be         B. are      √C. am      D. is
18. At the rail station       a soldier and two young ladies on their way to
 New York.
   A. was         B. is       C. be      √D. are
    信号词为and ;
19. Ninety-three million miles from the Earth to the Sun       a long distance.
   A. seem         √B. seems       C. seeming      D. seem to be
   表示距离等概念的,用单数;
20. That singer and dancer        our evening party.
   A. are to attend    √B. is to attend     C. were to attend   D. is attended
  信号词为that ;
21. You’d prefer some whisky,          ?
   √A. wouldn’t you    B. shouldn’t you   C. hadn’t you  D. didn’t you
   you’d rather =you would rather   you’better =you had better
   I’like =I had like 
22. I haven’t seen your before,            ?
   √A. have I          B. hadn’t I        C. hasn’t I      D. had I
23. Someone borrowed my umbrella,         ?
   A. didn’t he       √B. didn’t they      C. did he    D. didn’t they
24. There is much room for further improvement in your plan,          ?
   A. is there      √B. isn’t there      C. are there    D. aren’t there
25. You don’t mind if I smoke,         ?
   A. did you         √B. do you       C. would      D. shall you
   依主句动词时态;
26. I am not happy,       ?
   √A. am I          B. am not I       C. aren’t      D. I am not
27. You’d be sorry for what your have done,         ?
   A. hadn’t you    B. should you    √C. shouldn’t you   D. wouldn’t you
28. There used to be some green at this spot,          ?
   √A. didn’t there     B. used there    C. wasn’t there   D. did there
   固定用语
29. You ought to take the lead in the group,               ?
   √A. shouldn’t you     B. wouldn’t you   C. should you   D. would you
30. Pass me the coffee please,          ?
   √A. will you    B. wouldn’t you    C. should you    D. would you
   固定用语
31. Let’s listen to the Easy F.M. on China Radio International,            ?
   A. do we      B. don’t we      √C. shall we      D. will we
  固定用语
32. No single woman could have done that,          ?
   √A. did it          B. didn’t it      C. do it       D. does it
33. No single woman could have done that,         ?
   A. could they    B. couldn’t they    √C. could she   D. couldn’t she
34. We’d better not go to the Canyon,         ?
   √A. had we        B. did we      C. would’t we     D. didn’t we
35. Nobody has phoned while I was not,        ?
   A. has he      B. haven’t they     C. has’t he  √D. have they
第十单元  语序练习
1.      no electronic computers , they could have been no satellites orrockets.
     √A. Had there been   B. If there were 
 C. Should there be  D. If there are
省略if的倒装;
2. Hardly had Professor Birch finished his speech     the audiences  
started cheering.
   A. as      B. that     C. since       √D. when
   否定词前置的倒装,如hardly , never , on no account , scarcely ,
   in no case , no sooner , not until , not only , rarely , seldom , little 等;
3. Never      such a marvelous place as the Great Wall before I got there.
   A. did I see          B. I had seen     C. I saw   √D. had I seen
4. On no account         there.
   A. you should go         B. you must go 
 C. had you to go       √D. must you go
5.       ,Sam would have been able to pass the exam.
   A. If he studies more      B. If he were studying to a greater degree
   C. Studying more         √D. Had he studies more
6. Scarcely had they settled themselves in their seats in the theater       the
curtain went up.
   A. than      B. before      √C. when         D. as
7. In no case       indicate any depgree of difference in the legal status of
 husband and wife.
   A. the documents will          B. will be documents    
   C. the documents should        √D. do the documents
8.         had he gone to sleep that the telephone rang once more.
   A. As soon as       √B. No sooner     C. Hardly      D. Scarcely
9.         a certain doubt among the students as to the necessity of the work.???????????
   A. It existed    √B. There existed     C. They had     D. There had
10. Not until the year of 1954        made the capital of this province.
11.the city was           √B. was the city
12.C. when the city was   D. was when the city
11. He will not be       to vote in this year’s election.
   √A. old enough   B. as old enough   C. enough old   D. enough old as
12. Were it not for friction, we         to walk on this planet of our own.
   √A. would not be able       B. should not have been able     
   C. were not able         D. are not able
13.          will Mr. Forbes be able to regain control of the company.
   A. With hard work               B. In spite of his hard work      
   C. Only if he works hardly         √D. Only with hard work
   某些副词置前要倒装,如only , so , then ; only在修饰状语时才倒装;
14. Not        did she refuse to speak to Jim, but also she decided never to
see him again.
   A. even         √B. only       C. at all         D. always
15. So badly        in the accident that Smarton was delayed in the howpital
 for treatment.
   A. did he injure   B. he injured   √C. was he injured   D. he was injured
16. On no account         to anyone else.
   A. my name must not be mentioned    √B. must my name not be mentioned
   C. must my name not mention         D. my name must not mention
17. Had Christina arrived 5 minutes earlier, she         the train.
   A. would catch          B. could catch 
  √C. could have caught    D. would be able to catch
18.         I shouted at the top of my voice did Lily turn her head.
   A. Until      √B. Not until      C. It was not until     D. Only until
19. Rarely          such a silly thing.
   A. I heard of         B. have heard I of  
   √C. have I heard of    D. have heard of I
20.          do we suspect that this district is rich in mineral resources.
   √A. Little        B. A little     C. Few       D. A few
21. Seldom        any mistakes during my past five years of service here.
   A. made I     √B. did I make    C. should I make    D. would I make
22. So little       that the meighbors couldn’t settle their differences.
   √A. did the agree   B. agree did they   C. they agree   D. they did agree
??23. They thought it         question to ask.
   A. too difficult          B. a too difficult 
 C. too a difficult      √D. too difficult a
24. “Have you ever seen any thing like that before?” “No,             .”
   A. I never have seem anything like that before       
   B. never I have seen anything like that before
   √C. never have I seen anything like that before      
   D. I have seen anything like that before
25. Only by diligence and honesty           .
   √A. can one succeed in life           B. one can succeed in life      
   C. one will be succeeded in life      D. can one be succeeded in life
26. Only by diligence and honesty          .
   √A. So great was her love           B. Such great love she was     
   C. So great he love was            D. Such great her love was
27. Many a time       me good advice.
   A. my teacher gave                B. has given my teacher  
   C. my teacher has given            √D. has my teacher given
   属介词短语+倒装结构;
第十一单元  虚拟语气练习
1. We surely desire that the tour leader       us immediately of any change in
 the travel schedules.
   √A. inform        B. informs     C. informed     D. has informed
???2. Look at the terrible trouble I       your advice!
   A. follow   √B. had followed     C. would follow    D. have followed
3. I wish       go to the movie with you tonight, but I have to finish my
 homework then.
   A. I can       √B. I could         C. I will      D. I would
4.          available, we would certainly have sent him to the meeting.
   A. John was   B. Wasn’t John    √C. Had John been   D. John had been
???5. I would have come sooner but I       that you were waiting.
   A. haven’t known   B. hadn’t known   √C. didn’t know   D. have known
6. If you had told me in advance, I        him at the airport.
   √A. would have met      B. would meet       C. had met    D. met
7. Everybody has arrived. It’s time we       the meeting.
   A. would start       B. had started     C. shall start   √D. started
8.Tony does not dare to leave the house in case        .
   A. he will recognize      √B. he should be recognized
   C. he is recognized       D. he recognizes
9. Franklin looked as though he      ill for a long time.
   A. was       B. were       C. has been       √D. had been
10. I’d rather you       about it for the time being.
   A. don’t think       √B. didn’t think  
 C. would not think    D. had not thought
11. It is necessary that Mark       in time to attend the meeting.
   √A. come     B. came      C. comes        D. will come
12. Tom is working hard for fear that he        .
   A. fell behind          B. may fall behind 
 √C. should fall behind     D. would fall behind
13. It is imperative that Hurst wood        to hospital at once.
   A. is taken    B. shall be taken   √C. should be taken  D. must be taken
14. The driver looked over the engine carefully lest it       on the way.
A.   breaks down        B. broke down
C. would break down     √D. should break down
15.          Tomorrow, I ivory would surely be welcome.
   A. If she comes         B. When she comes
   C. would break down    √D. should break down
16. It is highly desirable that a new chairman          for the committee.
   A. will be elected      B. is elected    C. elect     √D. be elected
17. Kitty talks as if she         on the spot.
   A. is      √B. were         C. has been        D. be
18. I didn’t go to the concert. But I do wish I       there.
   A. was      √B. had been      C. were        D. went
19. It is requested that every student        a plan for the nest semester.
   A. makes     √B. make     C. will make      D. would make
20. The librarian recommended that the professor    the newly published books.
   √A. borrow    B. borrowed   C. should have borrowed   D. borrowing
21. Even if she       there, Margaret could not have done anything either.
   A. were      B. was being     C. be    √D. had been
22. I don’t think it advisable that Darcy        the job as a secretary since he
  has no experience.
   √A. be assigned   B. will be assigned
  C. is assigned    D. has been assigned
23. What do you think of his proposal the we       put on a play at the
 English Evening.
   A. will      √B. should     C. has      D. have
24. They talked as if they          friends for years.
   √A. had been      B. were      C. have been       D. would be
25. Eliza must have missed the train, otherwise she       then.
   A. should arrive here  B. has arrived here  
   √C. would have arrived here    D. arrived here
???26. But for friction, human beings       neither walk, nor even stand up.
   A. can    B. were able to   C. will be able to     √D. could
27. It is important that the brakes on your bicycle      properly.
   A. working      B. works     √C. work     D. worked
28. It has been decided that the meeting       until nest Saturday.
   A. is postponed   B. postpone  C. will be postponed  √D. be postponed
29. His government insisted that James Bond     until he finished his degree.
   A. would stay     √B. stay       C. stayed     D. shall stay
30. I suggested Mike       himself to the new conditions.
   A. adapted     √B. adapt      C. would adapt      D. might adapt
???31. I wish that you       such a bad headache because I’m sure that you
 would have enjoyed the concert.
   A. didn’t have      B. hadn’t      √C. hadn’t had       D. hadn’t have
32.          , Smith would have signed his name at the comer.
   A. If the painted that picture      B. If he paints that picture
   √C. If the had painted that picture   D. If the would have painted that picture
33. You     yesterday if you were really serious about the job.
   A. ought to come         √B. ought to have come  
   C. ought to be coming     D. ought have come
34. The old worker urged that we       cheaper materials instead.
   √A. use       B. used         C. would use       D. will use
35. Without electricity, the whole world       
√A、would not have developed so rapidly 
 B. had not developed so rapidly
C、does not develop so rapidly       
 D. has not developed so rapidly
36. When John took the pen back to Mary, she said coldly: “You    it sooner,
 for I    it.”
1.should have returned…might need   
 B. should return...might have needed
√C、should have returned…might have needed 
 D. must have returned…must have needed
37.     for their assistance, we couldn’t have got over such big difficulties.
   A. It were not       B. Were it      √C. Were it not      D. Are it
38. It is about time that the government      strong actions against
   embezzlement and official profiteering.
   A. is taking       B. takes       √C. took          D. will take
???39. Suppose you      Mike now, what would you say to him?
   A. meet         √B. met        C. have met       D. should meet
40. Had I known her name, I         .
   A. would invite her to lunch      √B. would have invited her to lunch
   C. invited her to lunch      D. could invite her to lunch
41. Jason made the request that the problem as to who would be sent abroad
      at the meeting.
   A. is discussed      √B. be discussed  
  C. discuss      D. would be discussed
42. Mr. Johnson prefers that        with him personally.
   A. Mary speaks       B. would be postponed
   √C. should postpone    D. Mary would speak
43. The chairman of the committee moved that their regular meeting for this   
month       .
√A、be postponed        B. would be postponed
 C. should postpone   D. was postponed
44. They demand that the right to vote      to every adult man and woman.
   A. should give   B. would be given   √C. be given  D. ought to give
45. It was essential that all the necessary data        to the President’s office
 before the end of this month.
   A. sent    √B. should be sent     C. should send   D. must be sent
 
  虚拟语气的用法:
1、   用在条件从句中
1、   与现在事实相反,从句为:If +主语+动词过去式   
主句为:主语+should(/would/could/might) + 动词原形
2、   与过去事实相反,从句为:If +主语+had +过去分词
主句为:主语+should(would/could/might)+have +过去分词
3、   与将来事实相反,从句为:If+主语+动词过去式
主句为:主语+should(would/could/might)+动词原形
2、   用在主语从句中
常用句型为:it is(was)+ important (necessary , imperative , desirable,
advisable ) +that …..    谓语用should +动词原形(或should+have+
 过去分词)或只用动词原形
3、   用在宾语从句中
1、   主句谓语动词用wish的,that从句的谓语动词可用过去式,
表示与现在事实相反;用过去完成式,表示与过去事实相反。
也可用would rather表愿望,从句用过去式。
2、   主句谓语动词为demand , suggest , propose , order , arrange ,
 insist,command , require , desire 等,that从句谓语用should+
动词原形或只用动词原形。
4、   用在表语从句中
句子主语常是suggestion , proposal , idea , motion 等,其谓语是
should+动词原形。
5、   用在定语从句中
常用在it is time (that)….句型里。
 
 
 
2011年湖北学位英语真题(A)卷
(A卷和B卷只是选项的顺序不一样)
 
Part 1   Vocabulary and Structure
Directions:There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
2.These are books and newspapers          you asked yesterday.
  A.in which     B.on which     C.for which     D.at which
3.Five kilometers       a long distance for a five-year-old boy to run.
  A .is          B.are          C.be           D.would
4.It is desired that new rules         to the attention of all the students.
  A.shall be brought                           B.will be brought
  C.would be brought                          D.be brought
5.I'd like to       a double-room with a bath in your hotel from June 3 to 12.
  A.promise     B.propose        C.book        D.check
6.He could not start the engine,no matter       hard he had tried.
  A.when        B.where        C.what        D.how
7.I forgot to give my regards to my manager in my letter.I wish I      it.
  A.should do     B.did          C.have done    D.had done
8.     Writing a letter to the manager,he decided to talk to him in person.
  A.Instead of     B.Because of    C.As for       D.due to
9.I can't find the key to my office.I       have lost it on my way home.
  A.would        B.should        C.must        D.ought to
10.As far as I'm concerned,I don't like       in that way.
  A.to be tread     B.to treat       C.treated       D.treating
10.The policeman stopped the driver and found that he       alcohol.
  A.drinks        B.has drunk     C.is drinking    D.had drunk
13.In Chinese culture,red       happiness,so brides usually wear red on their wedding days.
  A.stands        B.represents     C.presents      D.resents
14.This is the only practicable solution       your problem at the moment.
  A.about         B.of           C.for          D.to
15.We have been       each other for 20 years.
  A.in touch       B.in touch with    C.touching    D.touching with
16.She failed her entrance examination for college and was       unable to start her studies at   
  college.
  A.furthermore    B.consequently     C.sequently   D.moreover
17.My mother and I always enjoyed our chat under a pine tree in the park,       our childhood.
  A.thinking       B.memorizing      C.reminding   D.recalling
18.Many countries began to       economic ties with China after its reform and opening-up 
  policies.
  A.expand        B.expend          C.extend      D.intend
19.The doctor has warned time and again that smoking will       his health,but Johnny just
  won't listen.
  A.effect         B.reduce           C.affect       D.deserve
20.the editor asked his journalists not to       any details in their reports of the accident.
  A.leave for       B.leave out        C.leave off      D.leave on
21.It wasn't very      of you to drink all the milk when you know I need some for the baby!
  A.considerate     B.thoughtless      C.careful        D.deliberate
22.At first the boss threatened to       him from his job,but later it turned out to be a mere bluff.
  A.distribute       B.dispose         C.dissolve       D.dismiss
 
Part 2 Reading Comprehension
Directions:In this part there are 4 passages followed by questions or unfinished statements,each with four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D.Choose the ONE you think is the best answer,then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line throuhg the center.
 
Passage 1
  Of all the family members,grandparents are probably the least valued.They are just the people who have always been around.They make a fuss over the children in the family,show off to their friends the achievements of this child or that child,and show countless pictures of new babies. Grandfathers can fix anything,and grandmothers always have homemade biscuits around.
  When you are small,it's fun to stay with your grandparents because they always let you do things you can't do at home,and,of course,they buy you things.They are always able to babysit because they don't go out much and actually prefer to see their grandchildren.They are usually good for a small loan now and then doesn't need to be paid back because they turn it into a gift.You respectfully listen to their advice but don't thank them politely for what they do for you,and then don't call or visit them until you need something else.And,of course,you never tell them how dear they are to you because they know how you feel about them anyway.Then all of a sudden,they are no longer there to do the things that only grandparents can do,and you find yourself wishing that you had told them what they meant to you as people and not just as grandparents.
23.What is the position of grandparents in the family according to the writer?
  A.They are the most important people among family members.
  B.They are the least important people among family members.
  C.They are the ones at whom their children or grandchildren usually laugh.
  D.They are the ones whom their children or grandchildren respect most.
24.Grandparents usually do many things except       .
  A.buy their grandchildren things
  B.look after their grandchildren
  C.let their grandchildren do things they can't do at home.
  D.tell their grandchildren how dear they are to home.
25.Why don't children need to pay back the loan from their grandparents?
  A.Their grandparents will forget the loan.
  B.Their grandparents pay back the loan for them.
  C.Their grandparents die before they have enough money to pay it back.
  D.Their grandparents turn the loan into a gift.
24.Children never tell their grandparents how dear they are to them because      .
  A.they don't like their grandparents.
  B.they take for granted everything their grandparents do for them.
  C.their grandparents know how they feel
  D.they do not respect their grandparents
26.How do children feel after their grandparents die?
  A.They regret they didn't express their true feelings to them.
  B.They feel sorry that grandparents are the least valued in the family.
  C.They miss them very much because no one does the things that grandparents do.
  D.They wish they had visited and called them more often.
 
Passage 2
Many American colleges permit foreign students to live in college housing or housing not owned by the university,such as an apartment.College housing is usually in a dormitory,or dorm for short.Many foreign students say that the dorms are less costly than apartments.They say dorms offer quiet study areas and areas for social activities or sports.They say dorms are close to places they go every day,like the library,computer center and classrooms.They also say that living in the room provides the best chance to get to know other students.
Dormitories may have as few as twelve students or as many as one thousand.Some dorms are organized into areas called suites.Suites have several bedrooms,a large living area and a bathroom.Six or more people may live in one suite.Other dorms have many rooms along a hallway.Two students usually live in each room.On each floor there is a large bathroom for all the students who live on that floor.Sometimes there is also a kitchen for preparing food.
In most universities ,males and females live in the same dorm.They may even live on the same floor.But they usually may not live in the same room or suite.Most universities have some dorms for men and women.
27.Where do some foreign students in American colleges prefer to live?
  A.In a hotel                         B.In a house
  C.In an apartment                    D.In a friend's home
28.What may be the reason for a foreign student to choose to live in a dorm?
  A.It is cheaper                       B.It has a big living room
  C.It is cleaner                       D.It is owned by the university
29.How many students can a dorm hold at most according to the passage?
  A.Two             B.six         C.Twelve         D.A thousand
30.One of the advantages of living in a dorm is that       .
  A.it is easier for the students to get in touch with other students
  B.the students can go to school library every day
  C.the students can use personal computers freely
  D.more than two students may live in one room
31.Which of following statement is TURE according to the passage?
  A.All the students in a dorm share one large bathroom
  B.Students are not allowed to cook in the dorm
  C.Female students and male students cannot live in the same dorm
  D.Living in the dorm is helpful to develop your relation with others
 
 
Passage 3
   Cars are an important part of life in th United States.Without a car, most people feel that they are poor.An even if a person is poor he doesn't feel really poor when he has a car.
   Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers.He probably didn't know how much the car was going to affect American culture.The car made the Unite States a nation on wheels.And it helped make the United States what it is today.
   There are three main reasons the car became so popular in the United States.First of all,the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it.The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation.With a car people can go any place without spending a lot of money.
   The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation.Long-distance have never been as common in the United States as they are in other parts of the world.Nowadays,there is a good system of air-service provided by planes.But it is too expensive to be used frequently.
   The third reason is the most important one,though.The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular.Americans don't like to wait for a bus or a train or even a plane.They don't like to have to follow an exact schedule.A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time.And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.
   The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans.But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation.The real solution will have to be a new kind of car,one that does not use so much gas.
31,When do most Americans feel they are poor?
   A.When they don't have a car          B.When they live in a huge country
   C.When they don't planes.            D.When they have a car
33.Why do cars become popular in the United States?
   A.The United States is huge.           B.Public transportation is not so good.
   C.Americans like to be independent     D.Americans like to move around
34.What public transportation is good in the United States?
   A.Buses       B.Trains        C.Taxis         D.Planes
35.What has caused a big problem for Americans?
   A.A new kind of car                  B.Public transportation
   C.The gas shortage                   D.Poor people
36.Which of the following is NOT mentioned according to this passage?
   A.Cars have made the nation on wheels.
   B.Cars have made the United States have a gas shortge
   C.Nearly 80%of the American people have cars.
   D.Cars have made American independent.
 
Passage 4
There is a difference between science and technology.Science is a method of answering theoretical questions;technology is a method of solving practical problem.Science has to do with the facts and relationships between observable phenomena in nature and with establishing theories that serve to organize these facts and relationships;technology has to do with tools,techniques,and procedures for implementing the finding of science.
   Another distinction between science and technology has to do with the progress in each.Progress in science excludes the human factor.Scientists,who seek to comprehend the universe and know the truth with the highest degree of accuracy and certainty,cannot pay attention to their own or other people's likes or dislikes or to popular ideas about the fitness of things.What scientists discover may shock or anger people-as did Darwin's theory of evolution.But even an unpleasant truth is more than likely to be useful;besides,we have the choice of refusing to believe it!But it's hardly so with technology and we do not have the choice of refusing to hear the sonic boom produced by a supersonic aircraft flying overhead;we do not have the choice of refusing to breathe polluted air;and we do not have the choice of living in a non-atomic age.Unlike science progress,technology must be measured in terms of the human factor.The legitimate purpose of technology is to serve people in general,not merely some people;and future generantions,not merely those who presently wish to gain advantage for themselves.Technology must be humanistic if it is to lead to a better world.
37.Which of the following statements about science is NOT true?
  A.Scinece provides answers to theoretical questions.
  B.Scinece seeks to comprehend the universe.
  C.Scinece aims to discover the inter-connections of facts and rules that explain them.
  D.Scinece serves people in general and can be measured in terms of the human factor.
38.Which of the followig statements about technology is NOT true?
  A.Technology provides answer to practical problems.
  B.Technology seeks to establish theories based on facts.
  C.Technology helps change the material world.
  D.Technology has to do with new desings and ways of making the we use in our daily life.
39.According to the author,scientific theories       .
  A.must be strictly objective.
  B.usually pay attention to people
  C.should conform to popular opinions.
  D.always convince everyone
39.The author states that technology itself         .
  A.is responsible for pollution and resource exhaustion
  B.should serve those who wish to gain advantage for themselves
  C.will lead to a better world if put to wise use
  D.will inevitably be for bad motivation
40.The tone of the author in this passage is       .
  A.ironical      B.critical      C.factual        D.arbitrary
 
 
Part 3  Cloze
Directions:There are 10 blanks in the following passage.For each blank there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D.You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
   Reading is pleasure of the mind,which means what it is a little like a sport:your eagerness and knowledge and quickness make you a good   41     .Reading is fun,not because the writer is telling you something,but because it makes your mind work.Your own  42   works along with the author's or even goes beyond his.Your experience,compared with his,brings you to the same or different  43   ,and your ideas develop  44    you understand his.Every book stands by itself,like a one-family house,but books in a library are like house in a city.Although they are  45  ,together they all add up to something,they are  46  with each other and with other cities.The same ideas,or  47   ones,turn up in different places;the human problems that repeat themselves in life repeat themselves in literature,but win different   48  according to different writings at different times.Books influence each other;they  49   the past,the present and the future and have their own  50    ,like families.Wherever you start reading you connect yourself with one of the families of ideas,and in the long run,you not only find out about the world and the people in it,you find out about yourself,too.
41.A.sportsman           B.reader            C.man            D.student
42.A.imagination          B.ability           C.quality          D.skill
43.A.results              B.places            C.books           D.conclusions
44.A.whereas             B.unless            C.as              D.only if
45.A.separate             B.divided           C.lonely           D.independent
46.A.related              B.connected         C.charged          D.developed
47.A.different            B.related           C.opposite          D.irrelevant
48.A.answers             B.measures          C.methods         D.solutions
49.A.head                B.link              C.describe        D.record
50.A.offspring            B.friends            C.generations      D.relatives
          
A卷:1-5:CADCD   6-10:DACAD   11-15:BDBBD  16-20:ACBAD  21-25: BDDCA
 26-30: CADAD  31-35: ACDCC  36-40: DBACC   41-45 BADCA   46-50 BBDBC
B卷:1-5:AABDC  6-10:DCCBD  11-15:D.CCAD  16-20:BABBA 21-25:ACCDA   26-30:DCBDD         31-35: CABCB    36-40:DAABA   41-45:ADDBA    46-50.CADCB
 
51. 研究者认为掌握2000至3000个出现频率较高的核心词汇,可能足以帮助学习者越过学习的停滞阶段。
52. 举个例子,我的一个学习毛利语的新西兰朋友最近问我,作为一名语言老师,我是怎样理解他的老师的教学方法的。
53. 对大多数老师和学习者来说,纯粹的记忆单词的基本工作并不会让教学变得非常有趣。
54. 死记硬背单词,而不经常去接触和使用,往往是浪费时间。
55. 因此,了解记忆是如何工作的,以及如何使记忆更有助于学习者的学习,对老师来说是一个重要职责。
 
My Attitude toward Private Cars
Nowadays, private cars can be seen everywhere in China as the life standard has been increasingly improved along with the economy. Several reasons are responsible for this. Owing a private car has many advantages. The greatest advantage of all is that the car gives its owners more convenience and saves them a lot of time, enables them to go where they please. People can cover long distances by car rapidly and comfortably.
However, too many private cars have caused a lot of social problems as well. The worst of all the disadvantages is the heavy traffic we face everyday. We may wait hours a day wasting our lives to struggle a way to work.
It is essential that effective measures should be taken to reduce the heavy traffic. Firstly, we should try bicycle as much as possible since it is a good way to keep fit. Then, we can share one with neighbors or relatives as much as possible when going to work or picking up children, which can also save us a lot money and time.
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